I’ve always had a bit of a soft spot for the EDP Wasp since it was the first synthesiser I ever played around with (my secondary school had one, along with a Yamaha CS-5 maybe?). I’m also an owner of an OSC OSCar, and a Novation Circuit so I am interested in the lineage since they all share a common designer/consultant: Chris Huggett).

Whilst at Leeds Modular Meet in August, I saw a clone of the EDP Wasp synthesiser that had been built by one of the exhibitors. It turned out to be from a partial kit (see jaspersynth), so I emailed the creator immediately after I got home. Fortunately, Jason was just about to start another production run of the PCB set, so I put my name down.

The kit arrived with me last Tuesday and contains a front panel, a main PCB (with touch-keyboard) and the more difficult-to-find components, leaving the job of sourcing the remaining parts to the intrepid builder; since there is no single supplier, I’ve just placed orders with Farnell, RS, Rapid and Musikding. Unsurprisingly I’m looking forward to putting it all together. Hopefully I’ll be able to document some of the construction process…

DiY/Noize #2

One thing that is probably obvious is that the ATTINY is not really up to the task of synthesising waveforms at the required rate (ideally, I’d like to run a sample rate of over 40kHz so that something approaching full-frequency audio can be generated), so wavetable-synthesis is required. This is a pretty straightforward way of generating arbitrary waveforms, but requires them to be calculated in advance. The ATTINY85 has 8k of flash memory, so that puts a limit on the size of wavetable – further still if we want to output other waveshapes.

All of the experiments I’ve done so far have two main sources for the Arduino code:

  • The main program (usually named after the project itself) containing code to perform setup and processing
  • A generated part (often called calc.ino) containing the precalculated wavetables etc.

I have used Ruby to create the generated part (it’s preinstalled on my macbook, and I use it at work so I know a bit about it). Actually, two files are generated: the source file and a header file (so that the main program has some idea about what’s in the generated part).

Experiment 1 (basiccode here) was intended to get the fundamentals in place:

  • Configuring the Pulse-Width Modulation (PWM) output to the highest rate
  • Sample-rate interrupt routine for outputting audio data (as PWM)
  • Configuring Analogue-to-Digital Converters (ADCs)

(Something I have learned from my day-job, is that straight-line code is to be preferred over conditional code; that way the code is less prone to jitter. Especially in the output of audio, this stuff is audible and can give rise to nasty audio artefacts. Because of this, I concentrated on making the code (especially the audio-output stuff) as streamlined as possible, but this is something which is a process of continual improvement — it ain’t perfect yet!)

The first idea was to try and perform all processing inside the audio-output Interrupt Service Routine (ISR), which is what this does. Two oscillator output seemed like a reasonable goal (sine wave only). Using a control block to hold information about the current state of each oscillator meant that the timer ISR runs at twice the speed of the required sample rate, but flips between oscillators. The ISR reads the oscillator’s ADC channel, updates the phase pointer of the wavetable oscillator, outputs the sample and flips to the other oscillator.

Although this looked like it was working, I later discovered (around the third experiment – coming soon!) that I had misconfigured the PWM (it wasn’t running at the correct speed), and that the ADC was fundamentally not fast enough (the code actually stops the conversion short, so I wasn’t getting the full 10-bit resolution). Still, I had fun with audio-rate FM synthesis (routing the output of one oscillator to the frequency control of the other), and I was at least making some semi-interesting noises…

Here’s what the FM output looks like (it turned out the apparent AM is due to badly-chosen output filter!):
FM basic

The benefit of doing this stuff in software is that, from an electronics point of view, the schematic is very simple:
Basic schematic

Ok for a start, but I wanted MORE!

DiY/Noize #1

Well, it’s been a long time — not sure what’s been going on, but something must have happened since the last post… … ?

Anyway, I’ve been idly thinking about getting back into doing things with electronics, and this finally got triggered into action after a visit to Leeds Modular Meet on August 15th. I’d been playing with a Microchip PIC32 (a fairly powerful little processor), but also became intrigued at the other end of the spectrum by the ATTINY85, an 8-pin, 8-bit micro which nonetheless offers some interesting possibilities; and sometimes limitations are the things which bring out the most creative solutions…

Since there was going to be software involved, I thought I’d also try and get my head around using git, and follow the current trend of making projects available to all (at least at this early stage). Therefore I created a repo on github and installed Sourcetree on my computer (I’ve become too used to using GUI-based tools for source-control, so forgive me for not going all hair-shirt on git).

My basic idea is to create a sound-generating device which would be capable of making interesting drones and textures with a few controls (Ash and I have been considering using DiY devices for our Orlando Ferguson project, so this would be an ideal fit. However I need to get some fundamentals straight first, as well as remembering/relearning the digital audio basics I learned in through the ’90s.

The first step of course was to get acquainted with the device. I have an Arduino Uno, so I configured that as a programmer for the ATTINY and began using the Arduino IDE for playing with the code.

I configured a breadboard such that the connections to the programmer were at one end of the board, with ‘prototyping’ areas elsewhere (that way I wasn’t continually (dis)connecting wires, but rather just shifting the ATTINY from one board location to another.

Anyway, that’s the intro written — more to come (hopefully soon).